Marshalling an Argument
Tuesday November 20th 2007, 3:01 am
Filed under: Patristics

Taylor Marshall has an interesting post on The Christian Origin of Neo-Platonism. It’s worth your time, since you’ll often read that the influence ran the other way — and that patristic theology is just Plato dressed up in the vestments of Nicea. But, as Marshall points out, it was the Christian Ammonius (third century) who taught Plato to Plotinus, and Plotinus who taught him to the anti-Christian Porphyry. By the time Neo-Platonism got to Augustine, it was no longer Neo and was considered a pagan thing.

A recent book, The Mysticism of Saint Augustine by John Peter Kenney, argues that Augustine’s Confessions is an artful apologetic against the pagan Neo-Platonism that Augustine had known and loved. In the culminating scene, Augustine portrays his unlettered mother, Monica, in an intellectual ecstasy — the sort of contemplation that Plotinus had sought all his life, but reached only rarely, with great difficulty, and for fleeting moments. (Did Plotinus himself have a Christian phase in his past? Readers ancient and modern have suspected so, with all his talk of a divine triad. Some graces die hard.)

Earlier this year I posted an excerpt of R.L. Wilken’s review of Kenney’s book. Give it a read.

And as long as you’re on your Neo-Platonist kick, read Andrew Louth’s The Origins of the Christian Mystical Tradition: From Plato to Denys.

But do start your binge with Taylor Marshall.


3 Comments so far
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Mike,

Interesting line of inquiry, and one sure to bear fruit. Clement of Alexandria and Origen both show evidence of Platonic influence. Even Hippolytus thought Platonism that “which has come nearest to Christian faith.” (Refutation, 8.9.) Justin Martyr used Plato to argue for the possibility of a bodily resurrection! (Fragments 6.) I have not read Taylor Marshall’s book (I hope to do so), but I would say that he is traveling in the right direction.

Carl Sommer

Comment by Carl Sommer 11.20.07 @ 11:56 am

I don’t think Taylor Marshall has written a book. Yet. Just a blog post. But you have to start somewhere.

Comment by Mike Aquilina 11.20.07 @ 12:02 pm

My mistake. It is a subject worthy of a book, though, and Mr. Marshall seems eminently qualified to write it.

Comment by Carl Sommer 11.20.07 @ 2:25 pm



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